Tag Archives: NIIT

Eroding the tax base of other countries by imposing direct US taxation on the residents of those countries

This is the fourth of a series of posts about international tax reform generally and how FATCA, CRS, citizenship-based taxation, GILTI, etc. work together.

The first three posts were:

US Tax Treaties Should Reflect The 21st Century And Not The World Of 100 Years Ago

The Pandora Papers, FATCA, CRS And How They Have Combined To Create Tax Haven USA

How The World Should Respond To The US FATCA Driven Attack On The Tax Base Of Other Countries

This fourth post continues where the third post – How The World Should Respond To The US FATCA Driven Attack On The Tax Base Of Other Countries – left off. That post described in a general way that FATCA facilitated the US taxation of residents of other countries. The purpose of this post is to give a small number of important examples. To repeat:

The imposition of FATCA on other countries means that …

The United States has effectively expanded its tax base into other countries by claiming residents of other countries as US tax residents. This is a direct attack on and the erosion of the tax base of those other countries.

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Distributions from Canadian RRSPs are subject to #Obamacare surtax while distributions from US plans exempt

Yes, you read right.

By way of background, Obamacare was financed in part by the 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax (“NIIT”). At the risk of oversimplification, this is a tax on passive income. What those Canadians who are also “U.S. persons” need to know includes:

1. The NIIT is an instance of pure double taxation. It is believed by most practitioners that this tax CANNOT be offset by the usual foreign tax credit rules. (But, then again – maybe the NIIT is really a Social Security Tax and therefore NOT payable under the Canada U.S. Social Security Totalization Agreement.)

2. Assuming that the NIIT is NOT a “Social Security Tax”: As is described in the following article by Toronto tax lawyer Sunita Dooby, distributions from Canadian RRSPs and RRIFs ARE subject to the NIIT. That said, comparable U.S. plans (401K and IRAs) are NOT subject to this tax.

In summary Ms. Doobay notes that:

Qualified pension plans are NIIT­ exempt under Code section 1411(c) (5), which exempts any distribution from a qualified plan and arrangement set out in Code section 401(a). RRSPs and RRIFs are not qualified plans or arrangements for these purposes.

Ms. Doobay’s article is referenced in the above tweet.

So, what does this mean? Well, Canadians are required to pay for the Health Care of Americans when similarly situated Americans are not required to pay for their health care.

While I’m at it, here is another interesting article from Ms. Doobay referenced in the following tweet:

Talk about freeloading and extracting capital from other nations …